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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 20, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freedomen foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. neumann's oun foundation, the john d. and catherine t. mcarthur foundation be a union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> out on bail, the former head of the i.m.f. is released from jail. he'll stay under house arrest in manhattan until his trial. tense talks president obama and israel's prime minister are at odds over the future of a palestinian state. >> while israel is prepared to make generous compromises for peace, it cannot go back to the 1967 lines. >> more bloodshed in sir yafment security forces opened fire on antigovernment protesters killing at least 30. welcome to bbc news d. broadcasting to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. the aftermath of the latest nato attacks in libya later. but is the campaign against colonel gaddafi really working? and just who is this statue supposed to represent? it certainly confused the
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residents of rome. >> welcome once again. the former head of the i.m.f., dominique strauss-khan, is awaiting trial on charges of sexual assault and on bail. in a change of plan he'll be staying at a complex in lower manhattan run by the security company which is overseeing his 24-hour detention. >> after almost a week behind bars, dominique strauss-khan has left prison. his capacity whereabouts aren't known although he's believed to be staying in the lower man hadn't area of new york where he will be kept under armed guard. it markance extraordinary turnaround for the former head of the i.m.f.
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last sunday he was being tipped as a possible candidate for french president. and was leaving new york for high-level talks with the german chancellor. now charged with the attempted rape of a hotel maid, he has resigned his position at the i.m.f. and faces a long and very public trial for alleged sexual offenses. earlier in the day came the news he and his defense team had been hoping for. >> i have decided that i will grant a bail under the following conditions. first of all, that the defendant post the $1 million cash bail that has been proposed, secondly that he also post an insurance company bond in the amount of $5 million. >> that meant mr. strauss-khan would now be able to spent some time with his family. but almost immediately there was a problem. he would not as expected be residing at the upper east side manhattan apartment his wife had rented after tenants at the plaza complained about the
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media circus outside. instead is he to be housed by the security firm which is guarding him. his attorney pleaded for some degree of privilegesy -- privacy. >> reason he had to move is because members of the press attempted to invade his private residence and interfered with his family's privacy and i'm asking all of you, please, respect this family's privacy. >> the 62-year-old french politician denies the charges against him and in early june will enter a formal plea. meanwhile he has little choice but to stay in new york and prepare his defense. >> well, we've just got some news coming in about dominique strauss-khan's suck us is insurgencier at the international monetary fund. it hopes to complete the selection of process for a new manager director by the end of june, countries are being asked to submit the names of candidates from monday and the i.m.f. board has agreed the selection procedure will be transparent and based on merit.
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the israeli prime minister has flatly rejected president obama's call for a peace deal with the palestinians based around pre-1967 borders. mr. obama formally adopted the principle on thursday. he added there would also have to be mutually agreed swaps of land. but at a meeting at the white house, mr. netanyahu said returning to the pre-1967 borders would leave israel indefensible. >> this is the look of the most powerful politician in the world on the receiving end of a lecture in his own home. both have never got on, but the president went out of his way to play down the divide. >> obviously there are some differences between us in the precise formulations and language and that's going to happen between friends. >> the israeli prime minister had been watching him like a hawk and then spoke like one.
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>> israel wants peace. i want peace. what we all want is a peace that will be genuine, that will hold, that will endure. and i think that we both agree that a peace based on illusions will crash eventually on the rocks of middle eastern reality. >> president's aides looked slightly sick. he hadn't even referred to his new plan for a palestinian state based on the borders of 1967 but the prime minister ripped into it nonetheless. >> it cannot go back to the 1967 lines. because these lines are indefensible, because they don't take into account certain changes that have taken place on the ground, demographic changes, that have taken place over the last 44 years. >> the war between israel and its arab nage neighbors all those years ago left them in control of new territory.
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and this is basically what the argument is all about. before the 1967 six-day war, the borders of israel looked like this. president obama has said they should be the basis for a peace keel. but after that war, israel gained control of gaza, the west with bank and the goalen heights. in 1996 the -- 1994 the palestinian authority was formed in gaza and the west bank. the palestinians want them to become a palestinian state but there are around 500,000 jewish settlers in the west bank and east jerusalem. their fate is the key to this argument. some say certain setments should become part of israel. and return israeli land be given to the palestinians but that's not the only bar to a deal, gripping his chair, clutching his chin, the president listened as netanyahu said he would not jeopardize his state's survival. >> as i told you in our conversation, we don't have a lot of margin for error. and because, mr. president, history will not give the
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jewish people another chance. >> there's already bad blood between the two men. last year president obama said settlements should stop being built. prime minister netian hue ignored him -- netanyahu ignored him. this won't exactly help the relationship or bring negotiations any closer. >> joining me from washington, d.c., is phyllis bens i. she's a co-founder of the u.s. campaign to end israeli occupation. the white house has insisted it never said that israel should return to a narrow definition of the 1967 territorial lines. president obama has spoken about the need for israeli security, about with the need for israel to defend itself. so why do you think netian hue was so -- netanyahu was so strong in his rebuttal about this 1967 line? >> the israeli position has been that all of the land they control is legally theirs. they ignore the realities of
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international law that makes all of the land something that they must withdraw from. the resolution 242 that we hear so often spoke of a withdrawal from the territory occupied in the recent conflict. that means all of the west bank, all of gaza and all of east jerusalem. president obama didn't even call for that. what president obama called for was the same thing that president bush called for in 2005 and again in 2008. president bush didn't use the term 1967 border, he used the term the 1949 armistice line which is the same as the 1967 border. and in both cases they said, but with the understanding of what has changed on the ground. for president obama he said, with agreed to land swaps which is code, all of this language is coded, that's code for israel gets to keep the major settlement blocks that include about 80% of the 500,000 settlers and if all of the land
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is maintained as it is now, with all of the roads separating the settlements from palestinian villages, etc., roads that are available only to israeli settlers, not available to palestinians who live there, up to 40% of the land of the west bank would then be annexed to israel. in complete violation of international law. >> if mutually agreed land swaps are going to be important to any event peace deal, we already know something, don't we, about land swaps? what did we learn from the late palestine papers earlier this year that gave some details about those negotiations between israel and the palestinians? >> there's two sort of versions of it. the version that was talked about in some of the palestine papers was the idea that some of the palestinian towns and villages inside israel would be annexed to a new palestinian state. the problem is of course that didn't take into account by any
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means the opinions of the people who live there. palestinian citizens of israel who want to remain where they are, who want to fight against discrimination inside israel and have no particular interest in being assigned to a different country. it raises the question of whether this is viable. we heard over and over again from the israeli prime minister that the 1967 borders are not defensible. the problem is that without the 1967 borders, a so-called two-state solution is not viable. so this is a serious can numb drum and -- conundrum and i think that president obama on one level recognized it. he said, we'll deal with this issue first, we'll deal with settlements and territory first and later we'll deal with the hard stuff. meaning jerusalem and refugees. which this issue didn't even touch. this talk today didn't even touch. except for the prime minister saying, of course, that there would be no right of return of
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palestinian refugees, despite, again, international law. but i think that what we're looking at is a situation in which the u.s. and president obama has reflected what president bush said and president clinton, they've all said that the basis of a territorial agreement would have to be based on the two-state solution of the west bank and gaza and east jerusalem with territorial swaps. now, for many of us, myself included, that's not acceptable because those so-called swaps involve some of the most fertile palestinian land, almost all of the water resources of the west bank, ending up in israeli hands. so this is not a viable thing but it certainly was something that the israelis should have been quite pleased about. instead they were demanding more. which has been the consistent position of particularly this israeli prime minister. his demands on the obama administration have really
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treated the u.s. as if israel was providing $30 billion over 10 years in military aid instead of the other way around. >> i'm going to have to stop threw. we've run out of time. we really appreciate your input. thank you very much. >> thank you. >> north african nations have agreed to fight al qaeda in the islamic area. ministers from countries have agreed to form the force which will have up to 75,000 troops at its disposal. the united states has provided military training to states in the sahara since 2002. yemen's president has called for early presidential elections. speaking to supporters, just as pro-democracy protesters were demonstrating nearby. they said the election would end the blood spilled since protests against his rule began three months ago. on thursday he failed to sign a deal which would see him give up his three decade hold on power.
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let's stay with the middle east because a day after president obama warned syria's president that he must lead reforms or step aside, security forces have again opened fire on protesters. as many as 30 people have been shot dead. foreign journalists are banned from syria. we have this report from beirut and neighboring lebanon. >> this was the world's third biggest city. security forces had supposedly been giving ordered not to open fire. a child was reported to be among those killed after friday prayers as protesters took to the streets in several different parts of the city. this despite a severe crackdown there by troops and tanks in the past three weeks. with hundreds arrested and many killed. demonstrations big or small were reported from virtually all parts of the country,
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including places where big security operations have been launched. in some cases security forces did not intervene. in others, they broke up the protests without serious casualties. but here in the northern suburbs of da mass cass itself -- damascus itself, activists said there were more people killed when troops opened fire. the syrian crisis is spilling over its borders. in the past few days, around 5,000 civilians have fled across the country to lebanon. syrian troops and tanks have taken over rebelious towns and villages near the border. many of the refugees come from an area where there was shelling, shooting and bloodshed as the troops moved in. the americans have stepped up the pressure with punitive sanctions on president assad himself and his closest societies and strong words from -- associates and strong words from president obama. >> the syrian people have shown their courage in demanding a transition to democracy.
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president assad now has a choice. he can lead that transition or get out of the way. >> but president assad chose no sign of getting out of the way. damascus dismissed the pressure from washington as incitement aimed at prolonging the crisis and serving israel's interests. it said it would have no affect on syrian decision making. >> you're watching "bbc news." still to come, as libya's rebels vangs beyond miss rata, we talk to pro-gaddafi troops that they've captured. queen elizabeth has left the irish republic after hisan historic state visit. she ended her tour in the southern city, one of the most staunchly republican during the fight for irish independence from britain.
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>> a final day in the irish countryside. a helicopter to the green pastures of here and a visit to the rock. once the home of the ancient kings of ireland, the setting today for one of the farewell moments of one of the most successful state visits of the queen's reign. before she left she met a local official, the first and only time such a meeting has happened. there was just one further stop, cork, capital what have used to be called the rebel county. today it became the most relaxed center the queen has been to here and for once the crowdses were able to get close. >> did you enjoy your visit? >> very much indeed. absolutely. >> across the river a couple of hundred republics shouted their protests. but they were very much the minority. the queen was visiting a local market before heading to the
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airport and home. so, the visit is over, but how will it be judged? certainly in terms of impact here in ireland, the visit has been a considerable success. the thing is, irblede will remember this visit -- ireland will remember this visit, not just that the queen came but comma what she did and what she said. >> and the reason people will talk about this visit in years to come is bazzes because her words and deeds have for most people drawn a line under the past. it has -- in her speech on wednesday the queen said that these irelands' history were full of heart ache and pain. she could reflect that that history has been added to this week for the better. >> the former head of the i.m.f., dominique strauss-khan, is awaiting trial on charges of sexual assault, has left prison on bail.
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the israeli prime minister flatly rejects president obama's call for a peace deal with the palestinians based around pre-1967 borders plus land swaps. it's been a bad week for colonel gaddafi with more nato bombardments, rumors of defections and a call from the international criminal court for his arrest. still the libyan leader shows no sign of stepping aside. and many are now asking whether nato's campaign is faltering. >> as his campaign enters its third month, nato is now training its sights on libya's navy. trying to scuttle colonel gaddafi's grip on power. launching nighttime raids on three ports including here in tripoli. this was the same ship in daylight. a huge hole now punctured its side. this is the latest result of nato's expanding campaign.
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at least five ships here have been destroyed by what appeared to have been fairly accurate strikes. what's not clear though is how recently these ships were being used and what kind of threat they actually posed. nato says these ships were used to lay mines. calling them a threat to its own vessels and civilians. libyan officials who took us to the scene say most of the ships nato hit were coast guard patrol boats. when were the four smaller ships that were hit last used? when were they last out of port and what this were they used for and also the larger ship, when was that last out of port? >> the ships haven't been at sea since late march says the libyan navy officer, showing what he says a document to prove it. but could it be that nato is running out of targets to keep the pressure on colonel gaddafi ? he may be outgunned by nato,
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but he's not yet outfaced. >> the libyan city of miss rata has seen some of the heaviest fighting of the country in recent weeks. our correspondent is there. he was granted rare access to pro-gaddafi soldiers who have been seized by the rebels. >> scabbing -- scanning the new front lines, south of the besieged city of miscellaneous rata. rebel forces have just seized this area. this is all gaddafi weaponry? >> yes. this is for gaddafi. this is ammunition. >> but it's not just weapons left behind here. today we've been given rare access to a school turned detention center by captured gaddafi troops -- where captured gaddafi troops are being held. inside we find the guards relaxing. and in the school library some
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of more than 100 prisoners, their identities hidden to protect their families from possible retaliation. a local muslim cleric is in charge, the prisoners already interrogated by rebel military officials now spend their days on mattresses in the classrooms . or in a make shift clinic. this soldier says he was wounded during the battle for mizrhata. how have you been treated as a prisoner? >> very well. it's as though i'm with my family. we were told we were coming here to fight against foreigners and al qaeda. but we realized our commanders were lying, that we were fighting the people. that destroyed our morale. but if you try to escape they shoot you. >> what do you think is going to happen to you now? >> after gaddafi is gone, i
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hope the people here will let me go home. >> but some of the prisoners sound less repentant. do you think colonel gaddafi still enjoys a lot of support in libya? >> maybe. >> the authorities are keen to show us that they are treating the prisoners of war here correctly. now, we've not been able to talk to any of the men privately but it is my general impression that they are being looked after well. >> the same it seems applies to the dead. the rebels take us to a new grave yard reserved for colonel gaddafi's soldiers. >> these are our brothers and sons. they weren't born our enemies. gaddafi hit the truth from -- hid the truth from them. >> in a besieged city, then, hints of forgiveness and restraint. libya will need plenty of both
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when the fighting is done. >> the i.m.f. has approved a loan for portugal as part of an economic rescue package. an initial $le.6 million will be made available immediately to portugal to give it some breathing space from borrowing in financial markets to service its debts. in spain, tens of thousands of protesters have filled city centers defying the ban on gathers ahead of the country's local elections. anger over high unemployment has led to days of demonstrations but the government has avoided saying it would order police to break up the crowds. the vatican has joined a wave of criticism against a new modernist statue of pope john paul ii. its official newspapers said the statue just unveiled in rome doesn't even resemble the late pontiff and loons like a century box. others have called it very ugly. the artist says it wasn't intended to look exactly like
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the pope. >> it's not often you hear the words pope john paul ii and mussolini in the same sentence. then it's not often you see work withs like this. with the head resembling a mixture of the late pontiff and even later fascist dictator, it's drawn scathing reviews from art critics, commentators and everyday folk. >> who could it look like? it looks like mussolini. what's the problem? it is exact. i don't know. there's not much to laugh about. it is exact. look, make the comparison. put mussolini over there and him over here. >> four meters high and made of bronze, the artist says he didn't intend it to look exactly like the pope. he wanted to capture his welcoming nature. it's already been mocked as a giant shelter for the homeless
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and left the city wondering whether to take it down. others have been kinder. >> the process that brought to this decision which was not taken only by myself, it was a very elaborate one, a panel of experts who usually deal with this kind of issues in rome, the holy see, the minister for cultural heritage, the superintendents of the capital which gaves workers that came to this decision. i don't see any reason to change it. >> pope john paul always was a towering figure. but the consensus seems to be this piece outside rome's main railway station has taken modernist trends too far down the line. >> and just a brief reminder of our main news. the former head of the international monetary fund, dominique strauss-khan, has been freed on bail. he's been sent to a temporary home in manhattan. he's accused of a serious sexual assault on a maid in a
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hotel. a charge he denies. you're watching "bbc news." >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies.
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